Monday, May 25, 2020

Biography of Elie Wiesel Essay - 1354 Words

Elie Wiesel was born on September 30, 1928 in the town of Sighet in Transylvania, which is located in Romania. His parents, Shlomo Wiesel and Sarah Feig had three other children not including Elie. The three other siblings were his sisters Hilda, Bea, Tsiporah. Wiesel and his family primarily were an Orthodox Jewish family. When he was very young he started to study Hebrew and the Bible. He mostly focused on his religious studies. According to the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity, â€Å"He was fifteen years old when he and his family were deported by the Nazis to Auschwitz.† During the time they spent at Auschwitz, Elie’s mother and younger sister didn’t make it, but his two older sisters were fortunate enough to survive. â€Å"Elie and his†¦show more content†¦Elie Wiesel fought against indifferences mainly which lead to him and his wife creating an organization most reputably as The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity. He called attention mostly to when the Holocaust happened and what they endured while being in there and he also would travel to various countries speaking out on his beliefs and why it wasnt right to have done that to humans. The Holocaust simply just ignored human rights completely without any consideration at all for the people affected by it. According to Humanitarians and Reformers, no one has more vividly conveyed the horrors of the Holocaust or gone more deeply into its implications. Even though he wrote mostly about Jewish suffering that isnt his only concern all of human suffering is. This has taken him not only to the Soviet Union to give moral support to Soviet Jews and to work for their right of emigration but to African and Latin American countries to intercede for victims of injustice and brutality (Humanitarians and Reformers). The Western Jews were the Jews who did not wish to speak out, but to remain silent. While as the Soviet Jews were the ones who didnt remain silent they spoke out on the hardships they endured and let the world know what truly happened. Elie Wiesel took fighting indifference and the results the Holocaust had left to the sufferers, and made them into books and he also would speak on theShow MoreRelatedA Brief Biography of Elie Wiesel636 Words   |  2 Pagesâ€Å"Never shall I forget those moments that murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to ashes†. Elie Wiesel was born September 30, 1928, in Sighet, Romania; immigrated to the United States, 1956 naturalized U.S. citizen, 1963. Attended Sorbonne, University of Paris, 1948-51. He was a Jewish journalist and academic. In the spring of 1944, the Nazis entered the Transylvanian village of Sighet, Romania, until then a relvatively safe and peaceful enclave in the middle of a war- torn continent. TheyRead MoreThe Holocaust: Night by Elie Wiesel1635 Words   |  7 PagesSix million Jews were killed during the Holocaust. The Jews were persecuted, tortured and slaughtered in concentratio n camps (â€Å"The Holocaust† 1). Night by Elie Wiesel is the powerful memoir of his experiences during the Holocaust. Night shows the tragedy of the Holocaust through the use literary devices, including the themes of loss of faith and cruelty toward other human beings, night as a symbol of suffering and fear, and the use of first person narrative. Night allows the reader to emotionallyRead MoreEliezer Wiesels Relationships1270 Words   |  6 Pages Elie Wiesel was a young boy, when his life changed drastically. He was born in Sighet, Transylvania, which is now Romania. He was born to Shlomo and Sarah, which they had four children, Hilda, Bea, Tsiporah, and Eliezer. Wiesel and his family practiced the Jewish religion, before he was forced into the concentration camps. In the novel Night, Elie Wiesel had a strong belief in God. When Elie and his family were sent off to the concentration camps, he tested his belief in God. In the novel NightRead More Elie Wiesel Holocaust Survivor Essay2497 Words   |  10 PagesElie Wiesel Holocaust Survivor As war broke out in Europe during 1939, no one could either imagine or believe the terror that Adolf Hitler would soon bring to the lives of Jewish people. Drawing from his paranoia and a drive for a world Nazi power, Hitler singled out the Jews as the cause for problems in Germany and began to carry out his plan for the destruction of a part of humanity. Hitler not only persecuted the Jews of Germany, but he also targeted the Jews in Poland and other parts ofRead MoreElie Wiesel as a Survivor of the Holocaust2000 Words   |  8 Pagespoint of view, they can see the good side of human nature, especially if someone looks at it from Elie Wiesel’s perspective. Elie Wiesel and his family were Romanian Jews who were, unfortunately, swept into the Holocaust’s horrors. Elie managed to escape the Holocaust using tools of survival, including love for family and impassivity. He did not let being a victim of the Holocaust define him, so Elie moved on to become an inspirational figure that represented and spoke out for all of those who constantlyRead MoreEssay on Holocaust: The Unforgettable1569 Words   |  7 Pagesshowers. If they were doing nothing wrong, then nothing should have been disguised as a shower. As for the crematoria, Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel talks of them in his auto-biography Night, â€Å"Do you see that chimney over there? See it? Do you see those flames? Over there – that’s where you’re going to be taken. That’s your grave, over there.† (28). When Wiesel first arrived at Auschwitz his group was split up in to two groups, going to the left or going to the right. Going right meant work and goingRead MoreA Vivid View Into the Holocaust Essay1416 Words   |  6 Pagesgenocides around the world. Many exhibits in the museum show what occurred before, during and after the Holocaust and the everlasting effects it left upon us today. When visitors first enter the museum they are given an identity card th at has a biography and photo of someone who was killed or of someone who had survived the Holocaust. (4) As visitors keep traveling through the museum they will come across a vast amount of exhibits that show many artifacts, such as; a cattle car that was actuallyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Night By Elie Wiesel1017 Words   |  5 PagesIn the book Night by Elie Wiesel it says â€Å"human suffering anywhere concerns men and women everywhere.† This shows that the world’s problems are everyone’s problems. Everyone has their own responsibilities and when war occurs people tend to take on more responsibility than ever before. The United States is a prime example of making the world’s problems their own. When problems arise people step up and take responsibility. Like in the quote from Elie Wiesel, human suffering really is everyone’s problemRead MoreAmeric The Land Of The Free1707 Words   |  7 Pagesbelieve made an impact on America is Elie Wiesel. In 1944, during World War II, Ellie Wiesel, his family, and other Jews in the area were deported to German concentration and extermination camps in Poland. Elie Wiesel was deported by Nazis to Auschwitz, where he had to endure the hardships of the concentration camp. Elie was separated from his mother and younger sister. January 1945, Wiesel’s father died because of starvation and dysentery. April 1945, Wiesel was placed in a French orphanage afterRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Night By Elie Wiesel945 Words   |  4 PagesElie Wiesel was born in 1928. In his book, Night, which was published in 1955, Wiesel depicts his personal journey through the German concentration camps by the use of his character Eliezer (Sparknotes ). At the age of 15, he lives with his family in Sighet, Transylvania (Biography). His father Shlomo is very involved with the community there. Eliezer is deeply engaged in religious studies, being taught by Moshe, an older man in his community who is considered a lunatic by many (Sparknotes). In

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Comparing Reading And Writing Strategies - 1309 Words

Compare and Contrast Two Reading and Writing Strategies Rilla Showles William Carey University â€Å"Reading comprehension and writing skills are a predictor of academic success and a basic requirement for participation in civic life and in the global economy† (Beltran, Decker, 2014, p.18). â€Å"Children are expected to read and comprehend grade-level texts independently and proficiently by the end of third grade and fifth grade† (Stahl, 2012, p. 47). One method of supporting adolescent writing development is scaffolding. Scaffolding is an effective writing instruction that provides structured support as students take on new writing projects or more difficult task (Benko, 2013, p. 291). Reading Recovery and Guided Reading is similar to scaffolding because it uses the same technique. Both Reading Recovery and Guided Reading provides high levels of scaffolding for beginning readers (Stahl, 2012, p. 48). Scaffolding provides support for both reading and writing by enabling the student to master more complex tasks until the scaffolding i s no longer needed. These strategies provide individual support to students. Once they have mastered a skill they move on to the next level. Read Aloud is similar to scaffolding in that the lessons are organized in such a way to gradually become more complex with time by building on prior learned skills and strategies. The purpose in the read aloud scaffolding much like the writing scaffolding in that eventually students areShow MoreRelatedI Loved At The Library854 Words   |  4 Pagesget old. Growing up reading was always encouraged especially in elementary. I loved going to the library, the feeling of excitement ran through my tiny body to see what new book I would pick out. Not only did I enjoy reading but I enjoyed the daily journal writings. We either had a specific topic or situation and we had have to elaborate on how we would approach such situation or we would just write about whatever we wanted. Fourth grade a joined a UIL section named â€Å"Reading†. The ins tructor wouldRead MoreLearning Using A Whole Class1094 Words   |  5 Pageslooks at three case studies from students for presentation. Monte-Sano sought a teacher that had â€Å"an advanced degree in history, a focus on writing, and an inquiry orientation toward history.† Monte-Sano chose the largest class of Mr. Lyle, and students who scored below or at average of their class, their scores represented the class majority, and their writing change was reflective of â€Å"important aspects of Mr. Lyle’s pedagogy.† Chauncey organized her â€Å"field notes and interview data chronologicallyRead MoreWhy write? Why do such a thing? Why do anything? The answer is to grow-both as a person and1100 Words   |  5 Pagesgrow-both as a person and academically. When I look back to the beginning, I realize how much my writing and reading skills have developed seeing how I have mastered the art of each course goal. Each objective has developed itself in its own little un ique way. Why would anyone write an essay on how to do something? He or she would write such a paper to influence people and to show them how to do something. Writing an essay on taking off an airplane, I was looking to influence my audience and direct themRead MoreStudent Learning Process1498 Words   |  6 Pagesnotes; where teachers write brief notes regarding students’ reading and writing activities, questions that they might have asked, and skills they are able to fully apply to their reading and writing. Furthermore, conferring with students is also an effective way to get to know the students’ reading and writing level, setting reading and writing goals and is also a form of holding students’ accountable for keeping up with their personal reading goal; conferences can be formal or informal; this is alsoRead MoreThe Process Of Learning For Read Can Be Difficult For Young Children1096 Words   |  5 Pagesunderstanding of the reading process as well as skills to te ach children skills and strategies to become a successful reader. Using a balanced approach to teaching children reading skills and strategies, teachers start with explicit instruction before gradually giving students responsibility and independence in using these strategies for reading. Teachers must understand the importance of oral language, vocabulary, concepts of print, phonemic awareness, phonics and comprehension within the reading process toRead MoreThe Negative Impacts Of The Neolithic Revolution Essay1115 Words   |  5 PagesStudents will be reading an excerpt from â€Å"The Worst Mistake in the Human History of the Human Race† by Jared Diamond. The teacher selected two paragraphs from the article. Students have learned what the Neolithic Revolution brought to humans. The Neolithic Revolution brought agriculture, domesticated animals, surplus amounts of food and grew population. So far, they only have seen the positive impact from the Neolithic Revolution. This so urce will introduce students to the counterclaim about theRead MoreSummary Of Death Of A Funeral Business By Sandy Hingston And Time Aint Money1306 Words   |  6 Pagesmy writing strategy was and how I got to the interpretation that I did with both essays. By the term controlling purpose I mean the main idea that I think the author is trying to get across to their audience. I learned what the a controlling purpose is in the beginning of the course during the first couple of weeks. Things that I struggled with in this semester with are that connecting how the author’s main purpose mattered to me, and getting a good understanding of the text at first reading. OneRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Reflection1032 Words   |  5 Pages This semester has taught me a lot about the different types of writing. I have learned how to draft and compose a rhetorical analysis based off of an author’s ethos, pathos, and logos strategies. Not only have I been able to critically analyz e rhetorical papers, but I have been able to search for more information to support my ideas or beliefs. Even though this can be time consuming it is well worth it to have a lot of support and evidence to back my ideas or beliefs on a topic. Throughout thisRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of The First Rhetorical Strategy921 Words   |  4 PagesThe first rhetorical strategy I used in my descriptive paragraphs was word choice. I bring this up first because without it, the reader has a vague perception of the story. Although if used accordingly, it revives the story and the reader can fully grasp what you want them to see. The best use of this in my positive paragraph was â€Å"spacious†. I wanted the reader to visualize a vast and roomy drive thru while reading my paragraph. Although I could’ve used other words like â€Å"large†, or â€Å"big† they wouldn’tRead MoreThe Analysis : Fleming Mills1212 Words   |  5 Pagessuch as books, handouts, article s, or dictionaries. Reading the printed information and writing notes are methods used â€Å"as their first preference for taking in information† (Fleming, 1995, p. 2). Alexandra Georgeta (2011) state, â€Å"People who prefer this modality are often addicted to PowerPoint, the Internet, lists, and words† (p. 579). The read/write learners make good traditional learners because most schools assign some form of reading to teach new material. Additionally, these students may

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Affordable And Clean Renewable Energy Essay - 790 Words

Affordable and Clean renewable energy in Costa Rica Image a country that has clean renewable energy for its citizens. Where the lights never have to go out. A country that does not have to rely on another state for their energy needs. Energy that is Affordable for all; energy that doesn’t pollute the earth and drain it of its resources. Well that’s what Costa Rica is trying to achieve. Costa Rica understands that these out of dates means of obtaining energy is flawed. That switching to affordable and clean renewable energy on a global scale is not just a way for a country to cut its emissions but as a country it’s there responsibly as a global citizen. While Costa Rica is not the first country to switch to 100 % clean renewable energy, how long can countries go on this type of energy, and will it work in large countries where the energy need are greater because of the population. Being a Global Citizen you have to understand all of the issues that the world faces. One of these issues is the Environment. Globalcit summarizes it up in a nutshell â€Å"A healthy planet takes care of its people. Healthy people take care of the planet. Protecting the earth promotes the people who live on it. Improving the environment gives people the opportunity to survive and thrive in a world free of extreme poverty.† If we want a healthy planet and people we need to help stop climate change, by decreasing on a global scale of the carbon dioxide gases. One way to do that is thoughtShow MoreRelatedU.s. Should Replace Fossil Fuel With Renewable Energy994 Words   |  4 PagesMelissa Tran English 061 26754 14 November 2016 Renewable Energy The U.S. should replace fossil fuel with renewable energy. There are many reasons that the U.S. can use renewable energy to improve the economy. First of all, renewable energy can have a more stable price. Unlike fossil fuel, renewable energy is a continual source of energy that will not be as demanded, and will not cause inflation. Next, using renewable energy is a key to having a clean and green environment. It will not cause pollutionRead MoreCalifornia Has Gone Beyond National Policies Setting Higher Environmental Standards970 Words   |  4 Pagesmost energy efficient states in the world while producing 15% of the nation’s renewable energy. C. Credibility Statement: 1. I have experienced high rates first hand. It’s never fun paying $700 for one month of energy when your home claims to be energy efficient. 2. I have also been let down due to renewable energy being just out of grasps and forced to pay higher rates. D. Preview of Main Points: 1. First, I will define Sustainable energy, Renewable energy, and Nonrenewable energy. 2Read MoreThe Deregulation And Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards1133 Words   |  5 Pagesderegulated their electricity sectors and other utilities. However discussing only about deregulation and alternative energy portfolio standards is what we are focusing on. In Australia, there are four distinct energy commissions or agencies. With Australian Energy Regulator (AER), Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC), and Clean Energy Regulator being the four agencies and/or commissions in charge of regulating and setting portfolio standards. As it standsRead MoreUsing Renewable Energy, Reliable And Reliable Source Of Energy Essay970 Words   |  4 Pagesto affordable, reliable and modern energy services and/or renewable energy, rather than depending on inefficient sources, such as biomass, for energy. Target 7.3 can be measured by comparing passed to present/future improvements in energy efficiency. (i.e. lower cost, using renewable energy more efficiently) Target 7.a and b can be measured by comparing the amount of passed to present/future research that s transpire ameliorate the access and supplying to modern, sustainable, and renewable energyRead MoreIs The Universal Access For Modern Energy Services? Essay922 Words   |  4 Pageswhen referring to use of energy. Having access to modern energy services is not the same as utilizing modern energy services. As long as more traditional forms of energy are more affordable, in many developing countries those forms would take precedence. As well, in order to measure something you must have concrete determinants, and it is difficult to measure access. In target 7.2, the target is to, â€Å"increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.† Although this targetRead MoreObjectives Of A Sustainable Development Goals1002 Words   |  5 Pagesimprove global sustainability. Goal 7 includes five targets that ensure access to sustainable, and modern energy for a ll. However, one of the targets described is not truly measurable. For instance, target 7.1 does not specify the type of modern energy services. In fact, different countries, based on their geographic locations or status of development, will rely on different types of modern energy services. Furthermore, the notion of â€Å"access† is too vague and is redundant since the goal itself alreadyRead MoreThe Federal Government Should Work On Promoting Either Nuclear Or Solar Energy1227 Words   |  5 Pagespromoting either nuclear or solar energy. Energy is important for survival on a daily basis. In fact, the development of any nation depends on the long-term availability and increase of clean and safe energy that also supports the environment. Currently, no energy source can be said to be sufficiently capable of meeting future needs that a nation requires. It is important therefore to promote any particular type of renewable energy. Promoting and enhancing solar energy would be a better move to takeRead MoreAccess Of Modern Energy Is A Combination Of Three Characteristics : Availability, Affordability And Reliability1094 Words   |  5 PagesAccess to modern energy is a combination of three characteristics: availability, affordability and reliability (Reddy, 2015). We can also measure a percentage of the world population with access to affordable and reliable electricity sources (i) and the percentage of people who primarily rely on modern, non-solid fuels (ii) (Wykes et al., 2015). Combined, these two percentages are relevant indicators. The percentages of population per country with access to electricity (i) and modern non-solid fuelsRead MoreSaving the Planet, One Panel and Turbine at a Time Essay1102 Words   |  5 Pagessolve our problems. â€Å"Wind and sunshine are clean, emitting neither the pollutants that cause smog nor the carbon dioxide that contributes to climate change†(Ball n.p.). Renewable energy should replace fossil fuels, because they are cleaner, they have been already working, and they are helping Africa. Renewable energy should replace fossil fuels because they are cleaner. Fossil fuels are well known to poison the Earth. They may seem like a solution to our energy needs but they are doing more harm thanRead MoreThe Ratification Of The Un Sustainable Development Goals1071 Words   |  5 Pagesensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all CITATION Sus15 l 4105 [1]. Are the Targets Truly Measureable? All of the targets set to meet the forestated goal are truly measurable. Overall, some facets of the targets can be measured in a straightforward and quantitative fashion. In other cases, further definition is required. The simplest aspect is access to modern energy, one either has access to it or does not. Likewise, one type of energy generation is either

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Essentials of Business Communication System †

Question: Discuss about the Essentials of Business Communication System. Answer: Introduction: During the semester have attended several courses, however, professional development and business communication stand out. The course stood out; I thought I have acquired enough knowledge about communication and its application in the business environment only to be introduced to new concepts and principles of communication. In the end, I was a better person than I was before. One of the fundamental concepts of the course, that I learned, was the importance of communication in human interactions. The objective of the course was to equip the student, who is deemed future managers, with both oral and writing communication skills which are necessary for the contemporary business environment (Bruckmann, 2012). My course primarily focused on communication as a tool for professional development within the business context. Communication plays a vital role in different aspects of an organization. To a large extent, the success of an organization squarely depends on the effectiveness of communication strategies that have been put in place. Conversely, as human beings, we have to spend a lot of time during our lifetime communicating with one another (Gutierez, 2014). However, how one communicates, how people should communicate or how the communicated message is perceived matters a lot. Individual and organizations relations are developed through communication; the former is highly dependent on the foundation placed on the latter (Sehgal, 2008). Within the business context, the relation is very important. For instance, the continuity and success of an organization depend on the relationship that exists between the management and other stakeholders such as shareholders, customers, suppliers, contractors etc. Therefore communication is key to the success of an organization (Guffey Loewy, 2012). As an economic and social system, business should always put its customers at the top of the communication chain. No business can prosper without effective communication with the customers. For example, an organization cannot survive a competitive business sector without a strong relationship with the consumers. How business managers communicate with the customers determine the kind of relationship they have with the customers. I have realized that even the best products fail to capture the attention of the targeted customers in absence of good relationship (Moore, 2014). Successful relationship not only enhance the business prosperity but contribute to its social aspects as well. The ability to maintain effective communication with the community equips a business with the ability to solve arising conflicts quickly and efficiently. Hence, contributing business performance and continuity of its life. Conversely, communication is essential in conveying information, persuasion, and promoting goodwill between stakeholders both internally and externally (Patterson, 2011). I have also learned that communication skills play a vital role in employing personnel like managers. The skills are acquired through learning. There are several elements of communication that are fundamental. For successful communication, the recipient should convey a feedback to the initial sender acknowledging the reception of the message. Besides the sender and recipient, other elements of communication include the perception of the message, encoding and decoding of the message, and the message itself (Hattersley, 2015). Likewise, in written communication elements such as grammar, spelling and sentence structure is important as well. Effective communication, in a business, involves both centralized and decentralized networks. Under centralized network, the flow of information is controlled by the leader. On the other hand, the decentralized network allows each people to access the messages and ideas from other members of the group equally (Hattersley, 2015). However, the success of any communication network is affected by cultural, individual and organizational factors. Such factors hinder effective communication unless there are strategically addressed by enhancing the amount of communication, communication flow in an organization and the availability of key people who facilitate communication. I also learned that the success of effective communication should be based on the traditional organizational structure (Patterson, 2011). Technological advancement has also changed the way employees communicate within an organization. For instance, social media plays a vital role in business communication in terms of employees collaboration, engagement, exchanging ideas and innovations as well as interacting with new customers (Sehgal, 2008). For example, business use Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram applications to communicate with their customers. Likewise, WhatsApp platform is used by employees to promote mutual collaboration, share information and understanding with the departments (Bruckmann, 2012). All these factors have taught me the importance of communicating within the business context. Communication, either interpersonal, public or mass, should be treated with the importance it deserves. Looking back it has always been my wish to be a business manager. I have learned that good communication skills play an integral role in a person becoming a good manager (Gutierez, 2014). A manager should nurture the communication skills to the perfection. It is a sole responsibility of a manager to perfect the art of communication to quantify efficient interaction with the customers and other stakeholders. Good communication skills help in building a sustainable relationship which has a direct impact on the positive success of a business (Inklyo, 2013). A good manager should possess the ability to communicate differently with different people in the different situation. For example, the tactics used when negotiating a business deal differs from those used in solving business conflicts. For example, a manager is supposed to apply persuasive skills when convincing a new customer to trade with the company (Bruckmann, 2012). Conversely, a manager should have an authoritative language when handling internal issues. Good communication helps a manager to lead the company properly. Most importantly communication prevents the occurrence of misunderstanding among members of a department or organization (Hattersley, 2015). During the course period, I have learned the importance and role of communication in enhancing both professionals development in managers and success of an organization. Although I was familiar with the term communication at the beginning of the course, at the end I have learned the significance of communication within the business context in a different way. The acquired knowledge not only equips me with better communication skills but have also prepared me to be a better manager in the future. My learning on communication and its importance to business does not end here. I have developed an interest in understanding the impact of new trends such as technological advancement on business communication. Nevertheless, the course has made me a better communicator than I was before. References Bruckmann, C. G. (2012). Business Communication. London: Psychology Press. Guffey, M. E., Loewy, D. (2012). Essentials of Business Communication. New York: Cengage Learning. Gutierez, A. (2014). Effective Communication in the Workplace: Learn How to Communicate Effectively and Avoid Common Barriers to Effective Communication. Chicago: Amazon. Hattersley, M. E. (2015). Customers who viewed Management Communication: Principles and Practice. New York: McGraw-Hill Education; Inklyo. (2013). Effective Business Communication . New York: Inklyo Inc. Moore, L. H. (2014). Business Communication. New York: Wiley Sons. Patterson, K. (2011). Crucial Conversations Tools for Talking When Stakes Are High. New York: McGraw-Hill Education. Sehgal, M. K. (2008). Business Communication. New Delhi: Excel Books India.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Culture of an Individual from Kenya

Overview, Inhabited Localities, and Topography Culture or simply a set of values observed by people seems dominant in each society differing from tribe to tribe. As a result, it sounds rather interesting to engage an individual in an interview where you expect him/her to give you at least a hint of his/her culture based on the various parameters that the paper tables from the perspective of the Luo community of Kenya.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Culture of an Individual from Kenya specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More I interviewed a 74-year-old woman namely Maria Atieno from Kenya, an East African country. She is temporarily living in the U.S on a six-month visit with her grandchildren, who are the US Citizens by birth. Her daughter migrated into the US over four decades ago in pursuit of higher learning and better economic opportunities. Local rumors (back in Kenya) had it that she could work while studying and land a luxurious job soon after her graduation. However, another major reason for her migration was to escape the political instability in her native country as there was a lot of civil strife between her community and their neighbors over land, demarcation and cattle raiding which took many lives, including that of her elder brother. She studied her undergraduate course at the University of Oregon, got a Business degree, and then attended the University of Cincinnati for masters in Finance. She is currently pursuing her doctorate at Leeds. Maria says that education back home is very tough for both students and parents. There are many economic hardships in terms of affording fees and other basic amenities while supporting a large family. As for her occupation, Maria is a substantial farmer. She says she was lucky to have married a very wealthy railway worker who possessed a lot of land and livestock. However, he passed away almost 30 years ago, and these resources are what she used to educate her eight children. She engages in farming every year selling the produce to make ends meet. Communication Maria speaks fluent Luo and some Swahili (Kenya’s national language). Consequently, I had to get a translator to communicate with her and her eldest son, Thomas proved resourceful at this. Her voice is pleasant, and she was very open and willing to share with me. She maintained eye contact throughout the interview, and she said that in her culture, it is important to do this so as not to appear timid or weak. However, she also said that other cultures in Kenya find maintaining eye contact to be disrespectful. She had no qualms about her personal space, which was the average one foot around her. However, she was very opposed to any adult or child jumping over her great grandchildren’s feet or heads as she said that in her culture, such an action would inhibit the growth or prosperity of those children.Advertising Looking for term paper on cultu ral studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While transferring whatever opportunities they might have had to the person who jumps over them (Owuor, Oketch-Rabah, Kokwaro, 2006, p. 427).  She shook my hand in greeting (very firmly) but disclosed that in some subcultures in Kenya elders touched the index and middle finger to the forehead of a minor in greeting among the Maasai, or the minor bowed to the elder as a sign of respect. Winking is considered a sexual invitation, nodding one’s head up and down is equivalent to acquiescing while shaking it sideways is a negative sign (denying). Kenyans are more present-oriented caring much on the ‘here and now,’ preferring to deal with the future as it comes (Omeri, Andrews, 2008, p. 95). Family Roles and Organization Most Luo families are patrilineal with the father being the head of the household. The wife and her children live on the husband’s property or h omestead, data in Luo language, with the male children marrying and building huts within the same homestead while girls left to live in their husbands’ homesteads (Ayikukwei, Ngare, Sidle, Ayuku, Baliddawa, Greene, 2008, p. 590). However, some Kenyan communities, especially those at the Coast, e.g., Taita and Mijikenda, are matrilineal with women wielding the leadership crown as Gannon (1994, p. 15) points out. Incest is a taboo for the Luo people, frowned upon by the community. In the case of conception by a woman, society has to kill the child at birth. Suicide is also a taboo; the society flogs the dead body in public as punishment. Polygamy happens on a large scale, especially if the first wife is barren where the in-laws pressurize the husband to marry another ‘fertile’ wife and beget heirs. The husband is the provider while the wife is the home keeper with the children helping in the household. Elderly folks like grandparents teach the children the ways of their culture through folk tales. There is no caste system. Workforce Issues Luo men are the breadwinners, while women take passive roles like staying at home to look after children, while also doing most of the farming. Boys go out to take care of livestock or to fish while girls remain with their mothers who teach them how to behave to win the adoration of men. Girls also collect firewood and collect water for domestic use (Ayikukwei et al., 2008, p. 594). Contemporary jobs are mostly gendered specific. Men dominate fields such as the army, and police force, construction and engineering, medicine and mathematics, and other technical areas. Women and girls are more into domestic chores (house helps), liberal arts, history, education, religion, language, and nursing. This comes in as a trend that begins at the campus, all the way into their careers.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Culture of an Individual from Kenya specifically for you for onl y $16.05 $11/page Learn More Mostly, girls get married while in high school, and so they do not join the universities. Those who do not get married proceed to take simple courses such as home science or nutrition. Beauty also plays a significant role; the few girls who venture into technical areas such as engineering, mathematics or architecture are usually the ‘uglier’ or less physically attractive ones whom no man is interested. This finding matches other research conducted on women in pursuit of masculine dominated fields. About religion, as well as many other expressive practices such as politics, women tend to take the back seat with only one or two daring to rival the norm. Biocultural Ecology Maria Atieno is very dark in complexion; her children range between (ebony) black and light chocolate. She is also very lean. She tells me that most Kenyans are lean and tall. The women in her tribe are famed for their ample behinds. Kenya is a tropical countr y; hence, Malaria is a common disease. This raises the chances of Kenyans being born with sickle-cell anemia. One of her children has this condition. The issue of seasons like winter and summer is also problematic; she says she has never adjusted to the cold and snow of winter. Colds and flu are therefore a common occurrence in her life whenever she visits. Summer is also too hot, and she succumbs to heat strokes at least twice during the six months she usually stays in the US. She says that these ailments, home, and yamo, as she refers to them have traditional medication, which sometimes she carries with her. She believes that when one visits a place that is far from home hence different in terms of climate and lifestyle, the worms (joke) in our bodies are usually opposed to such change. On further explanation, she says that the infections that keep us alive as they provide indications when things are amiss in our bodies. For instance, when we eat stale food (chemo motor), they scr eam in protest (yuak chulululu) (Wenzel, Geissler, Nokes, Maende, Okatcha, Gringorenko, Sternberg, 2007, p. 43). Nutrition She eats a lot (breakfast, snacks, lunch, snacks, supper, dinner), as does the rest of her family, she says that she was used to walking long distances back at home, which she continues to do even in the US, to stretch her muscles. She says that her children are not as active as she is, and thus are approaching obesity- â€Å"all that McDonalds and Pizza they consume, and yet they do not work out.†Advertising Looking for term paper on cultural studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Meat is necessary to have for every meal, back home, they cook ‘omena,’ fish (rich), beef, pork, mutton, and even some birds-doves, (Uluru) for meat. Meat in the US is only readily available as steak, burgers, fried chicken, fish, or any other form. Back home, maize meal or ground cornmeal is the staple food. Almost every day she cooks ugali for her household, and if they cook anything else, such as rice, a small piece of ugali will still have to be cooked for the meal to be complete. Fruits are not such a priority in meals; they are seasonal in Kenya, and so eaten only when in season (Gannon, 1994, p. 16). Vegetables on the hand are very popular, and they exist in plenty, both as planted produce and in the wild. In Nyanza province alone, which is the region occupied by Luos in Kenya, there are over 67 different types of vegetables. These are served with the maize meal. (Orech, Hansen, Friis, 2007, p. 525) Pregnancy and Child Bearing Practices Culturally in Kenya, sex is only allowed between married people who then ought not to use any birth control method. Sexual relations before marriage are prohibited, homosexuality is unheard of (it never happens at all). Children are viewed as God’s gift, and the more one has, the more the respected he/she gets from society. Children are also seen as a sign of wealth as only wealthy men can provide for such large families. They can also be a source of wealth in terms of marrying off girls with ‘fat’ dowries. However, the women being the ones who withstand the worst of childbearing are very innovative in terms of birth control. They use herbs to prevent conception or to reduce their husband’s libido or sperm-count to avoid pregnancies. Moreover, hard economic times have resulted in children being viewed as a burden. Consequently, polygamous practices are less common nowadays. Abortion is a taboo, and deformed children remain believed to be a bad omen or a curse. As a result, they re main locked away from society for life with instances of killing them at birth standing out. Twins are also not recognized as being ‘sufficient’ children; often if a woman bears twins and then is widowed, the pressure will be mounted on her to be inherited to bear more children (Wenzel et al., 2007, p. 225). Pregnancy is a delicate stage for women, and the men acknowledge this. The woman’s mother, therefore, receives an invitation to take care of her up until childbirth or the expectant wife goes to her mother-in-law up until she is ready to give birth. Children remain raised in strict obedience to their parents. They do not question directives: they comply. Corporal punishment is acceptable and advisable especially in the case of errant children. Death Rituals Luos celebrate death, like life. There is a myriad of festivities associated with funerals (Gannon, 1994, p. 17). Sex is a big part of these because Luos perceive it as a source of blessings and a way of p reventing curses and other evil harm from coming one’s way (Ayikukwei et al., 2008, p. 594). According to Maria, when the head of a household passes away, the widow and her children shave their heads, and the central pole extending from the top of the hut is broken at the tip. All the relatives are expected to engage in sexual intercourse with their partners before and after the burial as a way of bidding farewell to the deceased, as well as appeasing their ancestors to accept the deceased into their realm. The widow will be ‘inherited’ by one of the husband’s elder brothers, together with all the wealth her husband left behind. However, inheritance can only occur after such a widow has undergone a sexual cleansing ritual, which is believed to break the bond of her dead husband’s spirit over her body. This ritual is performed either by a professional cleaner (jokowiny) or by a family cleanser (later). The elders usually prefer a family cleanser beca use they believe that he understands the cultures informing this sacred process. Commercial cleansers, on the other hand, are sought when the cause of the husband’s death was a mysterious disease, or an evil force (chira). These are brought in from distant lands; hence they do not know the cause of death. The cleanser engages the widow in sexual intercourse during which the physical representation of her husband’s bond, a band tied on her waist, is supposed to be severed. After that, she is welcomed back into the family and community as an eligible wife ready to be inherited. Failure to perform this ritual leads to discrimination and ostracism by the entire village (Ayikukwei et al., 2008, p. 595). After the burial, a huge party is thrown for the next three consecutive nights. Traditional liquor is served; the youth are invited to dance all night long while the elderly watch from a distance to supervise. The deceased’s family remains at the home where their rela tive was buried for at least a fortnight before resuming their lives. Death stands out as a ‘rest’ from this troubled world. Luos believe that the spirit of the dead lingers to watch over the remnant family. This prevents relatives from mistreating the orphans and the widow. Ancestors are revered, and children are named after them to appease them. Spirituality She ascribes to the Pentecostal faith (Gannon, 1994, p. 21) though formerly Nyasaye is the Luo name for God. Maria believes that human beings must acknowledge the existence of a ‘higher being’ to regulate their behaviors here on earth. When she gets ill, she believes that prayer can heal her but agrees that medical help is critical for the rejuvenation of one’s health. However, she insists that it must be God’s will for the medicine to work for one to heal (Owuor, Oketch-Rabah, Kokwaro, 2006, p. 433). This also applies to traditional medication. The Deity is more powerful than any conco ction than man may create for relieving illness. Health-Care Practices Maria acknowledges that for one to be effective at whatever they are doing, be it studying or working; they have to be healthy. Poor health translates to poor quality of life. She attends routine medical check-ups and tries to eat a balanced diet. Culturally, there are measures that can be put in place to prevent people from falling ill. She is careful not to expose herself, or her family to disease-causing vectors hence promotes cleanliness in the house and her environment. She believes that there are evil people and forces that out there seeking to harm others, which is why she and her family wear charms. The males wear a chain that has a shell, laced with garlic and pig oil, while females always wear a band on their waists, laced with the same concoction. This concoction is also placed at the entrance of their house to ‘keep out evil’ which she believes is the source of all bad including poor heal th (Gannon, 1994, p. 20). Certain herbs are used to treat illnesses, e.g., Aloe Vera, neem, and green tea. Also, Maria believes that carrots improve eyesight and beetroot to increase blood levels. She mixes some concoctions to cure colds and flu. These comprise of garlic, ginger, lemons, hot water, honey, and pig’s oil.  Further, they believe that fish makes one more intelligent. As a result, she cooks a lot of it in her house. She insists on the dual nature and purpose of warms in our bodies and disapproves of the white man’s (wazungu) attempt to extricate all worms from the body (Geissler, 1998, p. 73). If they succeed in doing this, then one will die, because a person cannot live without worms (njokni) which move around the body causing various health conditions. She asserts that they complete the cycle of life by breaking down the body for re-integration into the soil from whence it came. Implications for Nursing Maria’s cultural belief that worms are nece ssary for life is a good example of potential patient-nurse conflict in terms of medication procedures. The importance she attaches to sexual cleansing may also cause problems in terms of HIV prevalence, yet she requires to be treated autonomously while providing her with treatment. Her case illustrates the importance of having informed nurses. Trans-cultural nursing is crucial for practicing health care practitioners in the US. This is because the population is fast becoming multicultural due to immigration from different countries (Omeri, Andrews, 2008, p. 90). These ‘new’ Americans carry their native cultural inclinations with them, which may affect their relation to Western Health Practices. Competent nurses need to familiarize themselves with these varying cultures to ensure the provision of optimal healthcare services (Andrews, 2005, p. 50). Lack of awareness in the part of the nurses can result in misunderstandings with the patient due to cultural undertones tha t have not been defined. Appendix Figure 1: Luo cultural dancers, in their cultural dresses, entertaining the president at the Bomas of Kenya Retrieved. Figure 2: Married Luo men and Women standing outside a grass thatched house. Figure 3: A Pentecostal Church in the Luo land. Figure 4: A Luo Pregnant Woman. Figure 5: Kenyan Traditional Food. Figure 6: Luo Nurses attending to a Patient. Figure 7: Luo practice of balancing luggage on the head. Figure 8: A luo traditional wedding. References Andrews, M. (2005). Chapter on Cultural Diversity and Community Health Nursing. In N. M. M., Community Health Nursing: Promoting the Health of Populations (4th Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. Ayikukwei, R., Ngare, D., Sidle, J., Ayuku, D., Baliddawa, J., Greene, J. (2007).  Knowledge of herbal and pharmaceutical medicines among Luo children in western Kenya. Anthropology Medicine, 8 (2/3), pp. 211-235. Gannon, M. (1994). Metaphorical Journeys Through 17 Countries. In Understanding Global Cultures. London: Sage Publications. Geissler, P. (1998). Worms are our life part 1: Understandings of worms and the body  among the Luos of Western Kenya. Anthropology Medicine , 5(1), pp. 63-79. Omeri, A., Andrews, M. (2008). Chapter on Meeting the Health Care Needs of the United States of America’s Diverse Society. In S. S. Daly J., Contexts of Nursing.  Sydney, Australia: Maclennan Petty, Ltd. Orech, J., Hansen, A., Friis, H. ( 2007). Ethnoecology of traditional leafy vegetables of  the Luo people of Bondo district, western Kenya. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition , 58 (7), pp. 522-530. Owuor, O., Oketch-Rabah, H., Kokwaro, J. (2006). Reinventing therapo-spiritual  Fellowships: The Jolang’o in Luo African Independent Churches. Mental Health, Religion, Culture , 3 (2), pp. 423–434. Wenzel, R., Geissler, P., Nokes, K., Maende, O., Okatcha, O., Gringorenko, E.,   Sternberg, R. (2007). HIV/AIDS and cultural practices in western Kenya: the impact of sexual cleansing rituals on sexual behaviours. Culture, Health Sexuality , 10(6), pp. 587–599. This term paper on Culture of an Individual from Kenya was written and submitted by user Ashlynn M. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Aunt Connie Cookie Simulation Essay Example

Aunt Connie Cookie Simulation Essay Example Aunt Connie Cookie Simulation Paper Aunt Connie Cookie Simulation Paper In 1986, Aunt Connie was asked to make some cookies for an annual fundraiser. They were willing to pay $50 for 500 cookies instead Aunt Connie offered them 600 cookies for $55. She realized she would be spending $35 on ingredients for making 600 cookies and for 300 cookies it would cost her $10 to bake so it would be $20 regardless 300 or 600 cookies. By charging an extra $5, she would cover her cost and give the club more cookies. This showed people that she had a sense for business. Today Maria Villanueva, the grandniece of Connie, is the CEO of the company and her goal for Aunt Connieâ„ ¢s Cookies is to increase profit and she needs to determine the best way to make this happen. Maria is responsible to decide how money will be spent to make Aunt Connies Cookies succeed without going into debt. First Maria will look at how the price increase for lemon creme and real mint cookies in the last few months has decreased its volume. So Maria needs to maximize her contribution margin and operating profits and she has two choices. Usually when a price reduction occurs, demand will increase so she could revise the unit prices on both the cookies or reach out to more retailers by increasing ad expenses by half on both cookies. Maria must determine how each type of cost effects changes. The advertising expense is a fixed cost that will not change even when the quantity of cookies produced varies. Looking at the cost of ingredients needed to produce the cookies it is a variable cost. These costs will rise as the number of cookies produced increases. The correlation between costs, volume, and the impact on profit of these choices is seen in the contribution margin during the simulation. Maria can use the cost accounting system to help determine the most profitable price point for cookies by evaluating the cost volume profit relationship. ?   Maria wanted to reduce the price of lemon cremes and mint cookies to increase volumes. Maria increases fixed costs through increased advertising. She also decides to increase the margin to the distributors to help increase volumes. ?  Her decision that she made helped increase her sales and profit. Maria was then faced with an offer for a bulk order from a client who wanted to buy a million packs of real mint cookies at $1.20 a pack or nothing. If Maria accepts the order, this will reduce her current volumes being produced in the market and rejecting the order could mean under utilization of capacity. She decided to accept the bulk order by reducing the current production volumes for both cookies. When one is trying to maximize operating profits, it is better to produce more of the product that has a greater contribution margin per unit; in this case it was the lemon creme cookies. The next decision that Maria had to face was a competitorâ„ ¢s peanut butter cookie manufacturing unit was up for sale. The competitorâ„ ¢s owner gave two options to Maria, first she could buy the unit and use the capacity to make lemon creme cookies or buy the unit and continue to make peanut butter cookies. Maria decided to buy the unit and use the capacity to make lemon cremes and manufacture 600,000 packs seeing the breakeven point is 563,000 resulting in operating profits from the new unit. With the holidays just around the corner, the bakers wanted to come out with a special cookie called the Chocorones. Maria needs to decide to up her labor force or her equipment. She decided to update her labor force seeing this is a seasonal cookie and it is more a less an indifference point between the two. By making the right decisions, Maria has increased her profits and acquired an extra business unit helping her use the capacity to make her cookies. She will continue to carry out her Aunt Connieâ„ ¢s legacy and make profit at the same time.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

IP3 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

IP3 - Essay Example The services provided by organizations can be analyzed using the market share and growth rates and can be classified into four categories. The services can be classified as cash cows, question marks, dogs and stars depending on their performance in the competitive market. Portfolio analysis enables the organization to allocate it resources effectively and help in the decision making process. The challenge facing portfolio analysis is the accurate definition of product market segment by an organization. Portfolio analysis can be considered as an organized way to go about asset allocation in the market. The services  dispensed by the hospital can be evaluated using the service department offering the services. The market share will reflect the number of patients visiting the organization and the growth rate will be evaluated by the increase in customers on an annual basis. The hospital offers orthopedic services to its patients. Orthopedics deals with ailments affecting the musculoskeletal system in man. This is one of the high performing departments in the organization receiving  many patients on an annual basis. The hospital has allocated a large number of nursing staff and technological resources to the specialty. Another high performing department in the hospital is the Pulmonology department. Pulmonology deals with ailments that affect the respiratory tract in human beings. The hospital receives high numbers of patients thus has invested in nursing staff and technology to ensure that the organization is efficient. The hospital is ranked highly for the number of specialized patient services it provides. Pulmonology and Orthopedics services can be considered as cash cows to the organization due to the market share the hospital commands. Cash cows can be defined as those services that have elevated market share in a sluggish growing industry. The hospital has two cash cows explains the ranking